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Engineering controls for furniture strippers to meet the OSHA methylene chloride PEL.

Authors
Estill-F; Watkins-DS; Shulman-SA; Kurimo-RW; Kovein-RJ
Source
Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 2002 May/Jun; 63(3):326-333
NIOSHTIC No.
20022408
Abstract
This case study demonstrates how methylene chloride exposures during furniture stripping can be reduced to below the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) permissible exposure limit (PEL) of 25 ppm (as an 8-hour time-weighted average). Five surveys were conducted at one facility; the first four resulted in employee exposure geometric means from 39 to 332 ppm. For the fifth survey local exhaust ventilation was used at the stripping tank and the rinsing area, which together exhausted 138 m3/min (4860 ft3/min). Additional controls included providing adequate make-up air, adding paraffin wax to the stripping solution, raising the level of the stripping solution in the tank, and discussing good work practices with the employee. The employees' methylene chloride exposures during the fifth survey resulted in a geometric mean of 5.6 ppm with a 95% upper confidence limit of 8.3 ppm, which was found to be significantly lower than the OSHA PEL and the OSHA action level of 12.5 ppm. The cost of the ventilation system was $8900.
Keywords
Chemical-factory-workers; Vapors; Air-quality; Cardiovascular-disease; Cancer; Respiratory-irritants; Respiratory-gases; Engineering-controls; Control-technology
Contact
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH 45226-1998
CODEN
AIHAAP
Publication Date
20020501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
CEstill@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0002-8894
NIOSH Division
DART
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Control Technology and Personal Protective Equipment
Source Name
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal
State
OH
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