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A numerical study of the performance of an aerosol sampler with a curved, blunt, multi-orificed inlet.

Authors
Gao-P; Chen-BT; Baron-PA; Soderholm-SC
Source
Aerosol Sci Tech 2002 May; 36(5):540-553
NIOSHTIC No.
20022386
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to numerically simulate the performance of an aerosol sampler with a curved, blunt, multi-orificed inlet in order to understand the sampling characteristics of the first prototype of the button personal inhalable aerosol sampler ("button sampler"). Because the button sampler inlet design is too complicated to apply a three-dimensional model, an axisymmetric two-dimensional model was created to be similar in geometry and to simulate the major features of the airflow through the sampler when facing the wind. Particle trajectories were calculated in a variety of wind velocities and were categorized into 5 groups based on their interactions with the curved surface of the sampling plane. Empirical sampling efficiencies of the button sampler for 3 particle sizes were used to adjust the calculated sampling efficiencies in an attempt to improve the accuracy of the two-dimensional axisymmetric model in accounting for interactions between particles and the surface of the inlet of the button sampler. Sampling efficiencies for other particle sizes were then predicted. The results showed that sampling efficiency decreased with increasing particle size up to approximately 40 micrometers and then remained virtually unchanged at about 35% up to 100 micrometers. Although the efficiencies were lower than the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists' (ACGIH) inhalability curve for larger particles, the pattern of the predicted sampling efficiency was quite similar to the ACGIH inhalability curve. Sampling efficiencies for liquid aerosol particles larger than 15 micrometers were predicted to be noticeably lower than those for solid particles. The results also showed that the multi-orificed curved surface played an important role in establishing a pressure drop with desired flow alignment inside the sampler, thus greatly reducing the wind effect and significantly improving the uniformity of particle deposition on the filter. The less uniform deposition found at high wind velocity can be improved by increasing the sampling flow rate.
Keywords
Aerosol-particles; Aerosol-sampling; Aerosols; Air-flow; Air-sampling-equipment; Air-sampling-techniques; Sampling-equipment; Sampling-methods; Equipment-design; Equipment-reliability; Performance-capability; Mathematical-models; Filters; Particle-aerodynamics; Particulate-sampling-methods; Particulates
Contact
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, P.O. Box 18070, Cochrans Mill Road, Pittsburgh, PA 15236, USA
CODEN
ASTYDQ
Publication Date
20020501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
pgao@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
0278-6826
NIOSH Division
DART; HELD; NPPTL
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Source Name
Aerosol Science and Technology
State
OH; PA; WV
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