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Comparison of two fatal occupational injury surveillance systems in the United States.

Authors
Biddle-E; Marsh-S
Source
J Saf Res 2002 Oct; 33(3):337-354
NIOSHTIC No.
20022321
Abstract
Using different methods, two national systems compile fatal occupational injury data in the United States: the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI). The NTOF uses only death certificates, while CFOI uses multiple sources for case ascertainment. Through overall and case-by-case comparisons, this study compares these systems and evaluates counts for the nation and by state for worker and case characteristics. From 1992 through 1994, NTOF reported an average of 84% of the number of traumatic occupational fatalities reported in CFOI. This percentage changed somewhat when a case-by-case comparison was conducted--88% of the NTOF cases were matched directly to the CFOI cases. Although CFOI captured a larger number of fatalities annually, the additional fatalities did not follow a discernable pattern. By understanding the distribution of fatalities, targeted efforts to reduce them will benefit all industries.
Keywords
Occupational-hazards; Injury-prevention; Surveillance-programs; Statistical-analysis; Statistical-quality-control
Contact
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Centers for Disease Control, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS-1811, Morgantown, WV 26505-2888, USA
CODEN
JSFRAV
Publication Date
20021001
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3
ISSN
0022-4375
NIOSH Division
DART; DSR
Source Name
Journal of Safety Research
State
WV; OH
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