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Risk assessment at the crossroads of the 21st century: opportunities and challenges for research.

Authors
Stayner-L; Toraason-M; Hattis-D
Source
Hum Ecol Risk Assess 2002 Oct; 8(6):1195-1202
NIOSHTIC No.
20022306
Abstract
Although one could say that assessing risks is as old as man, formalized human health risk assessment is a relatively new discipline that has largely developed as a result of environmental (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [USEPA]) and occupational regulations (Occupational Safety and Health Administration [OSHA]) that were adopted in the 1970s. Court decisions, such as the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling on the OSHA benzene standard (Industrial Union Department v. American Petroleum Institute, 448 U.S. 607, 655 [1980]), have reinforced the requirements that these agencies make their best efforts to quantify risks and benefits when setting standards for protecting the public health. For better or worse, risk assessment has become a sine qua non for regulatory decision making in the U.S.
Keywords
Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Health-standards; Quantitative-analysis; Occupational-exposure; Occupational-health; Regulations; Toxic-dose; Toxicology; Employee-exposure; Epidemiology; Animal-studies; Exposure-limits; Dose-response; Mathematical-models
Contact
Leslie Stayner, Risk Evaluation Branch, Education and Information Division, NIOSH C15, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
CODEN
HERAFR
Publication Date
20021001
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
6
ISSN
1080-7039
NIOSH Division
EID; DART
Priority Area
NORA Implementation
Source Name
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment
State
OH; MA
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