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Stressful psychosocial work environment increases risk for back pain among retail material handlers.

Authors
Johnston-J; Landsittel-D; Nelson-N; Gardner-L; Wassell-J
Source
Am J Ind Med 2003 Feb; 43(2):179-187
NIOSHTIC No.
20022304
Abstract
Back pain is a major source of lost work time. Occupational physical activity only accounts for a fraction of low back pain; therefore, there is growing interest in investigating other possible causes of back pain including the psychosocial work environment. Material handlers (N = 6,311) in 160 newly opened stores were interviewed at study entry and approximately 6 months later. Factor analysis was used to reduce the 37 psychosocial questionnaire items to seven distinct factors. After adjusting for history of back problems and work-related lifting, risk of back pain was moderately increased among employees who reported high job intensity demands (odds ratio (OR) = 1.8), job dissatisfaction (OR = 1.7), and high job scheduling demands (OR = 1.6). Modification of the psychosocial work environment for material handlers in large retail stores may help reduce back pain among employees.
Keywords
Back-injuries; Occupational-psychology; Occupational-sociology; Stress; Musculoskeletal-system; Ergonomics; Materials-handling; Author Keywords: back pain; psychosocial factors; occupational stress; musculoskeletal injury; ergonomic exposure
Contact
Janet M. Johnston, Epidemiology Data Center, University of Pittsburgh, GSPH, 127 Parran Hall, 130 DeSoto St., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15261
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20030201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
johnston@edc.gsph.pitt.edu
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
DSR
Priority Area
Construction
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
PA; WV; GA
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