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Improving safety in the Alaskan commercial fishing industry.

Authors
Lincoln-JM; Husberg-BJ; Conway-GA
Source
Proceedings of the International Fishing Industry Safety and Health Conference, 2002 Oct :211-221
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20022130
Abstract
Over 90 percent of deaths in Alaska's commercial fishing industry were due to drowning, following vessel sinkings. In the early 1990s, the U.S. Commercial Fishing Industry Vessel Safety Act required the implementation of safety measures for all fishing vessels. The purpose of our study was to examine the effectiveness of these measures in reducing the high fatality rate of Alaska's commercial fishermen. Alaska Occupational Injury Surveillance System and Alaska Trauma Registry data were used to examine fishing fatalities and injuries. Demographic, risk factor, and incident data were analyzed for trends. During 1991-1998, there was a significant (p<0.001) decrease in Alaskan commercial fishing deaths. Significant progress has been made in saving lives of fishermen involved in vessel sinkings. During 1991-1997, 536 fishermen suffered severe injuries (437/100,000/year). These injuries resulted from being entangled, struck or crushed by equipment (60 percent) and from falls (25 percent). Vessel sinkings still continue to occur, placing fishermen at substantial risk. Efforts toward improving vessel stability and hull integrity and avoidance of harsh weather conditions must be made to further reduce the fatality rate. The nature of nonfatal injuries reflect that modern fishing vessels are complex industrial environments posing multiple hazards. Measures are needed to prevent falls and improve equipment handling and machinery guarding.
Keywords
Fishing-industry; Accident-prevention; Accidents; Traumatic-injuries; Injuries; Injury-prevention; Equipment-design; Safety-equipment; Safety-practices; Safety-programs
Publication Date
20021001
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Email Address
jlincoln@cdc.gov
Editors
Lincoln-JM; Hudson-DS; Conway-GA; Pescatore-R
Fiscal Year
2003
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
DSR
Priority Area
Disease and Injury: Traumatic Injuries
SIC Code
NAICS-1141
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
MA; WV; AK
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