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Pollution prevention and worker toxic exposures: a method.

Authors
Sivin-DD; Silbergeld-EK
Source
NIOSH 2002 Apr; :1-203
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20022102
Abstract
Environmental health policy in the United Sates is shifting from the paradigm of control to that of prevention. Under the control paradigm, harmful substances are dealt with only after their production or acquisition. In contrast, the prevention paradigm seeks to change the processes by which goods or services are produced in order to achieve the same product, while reducing the generation and use of environmentally harmful substances. Intuitively, it would seem that programs that are designed to reduce occupational exposure to toxic chemicals as well. However, pollution prevention (P2) is not always beneficial to workers. Worker exposure to trichloroethylene, a probable human carcinogen, has resulted from the elimination of trichloroethane, due to its ozone depleting properties. Unfortunately, there is a scarcity of scientific knowledge as to the conditions under which pollution prevention increases or reduces the severity of occupational exposures. The research presented here is an attempt to contribute to scientific knowledge in this area. This study examined the impact on occupational exposures of a P2 program at an air conditioner and dehumidifier manufacturing facility (the study facility). The overall goal is: To demonstrate the value of considering occupational exposures in the design, implementation, and evaluation of pollution prevention programs.
Keywords
Computer-models; Mathematical-models; Exposure-levels; Control-technology; Control-methods; Indoor-air-pollution; Solvents; Solvent-vapor-degreasing; Solvent-vapors; Indoor-environmental-quality
CAS No.
79-01-6
Publication Date
20020401
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
67410
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
PB2002-108320
NTIS Price
A12
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R03-OH-003644
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches: Exposure Assessment Methods
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
MD
Performing Organization
Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Department of Health Policy and Management, Baltimore, Maryland
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