Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques, and Applications. Second Edition, PA Baron, K Willeke, eds., New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2001 Sep; :1-1131
The measurement of aerosols has been practiced widely for several decades. Until the late 1980s, the development of new measurement methods was primarily motivated by the need to evaluate particulate pollution control devices and to find better means of monitoring indoor and outdoor aerosols. During the past several years, industry has become increasingly interested in modern aerosol measurement methods, not only to protect the health of their workers, as required by law, but also to increase productivity and, thereby, gain competitive advantage. For instance, in the production of semiconductor circuit boards a single submicrometer-sized particle may spoil the circuit if it adheres to the board where a circuit of submicrometer dimensions is being deposited. As a consequence, the number of undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in aerosol science and measurement has risen dramatically in recent years. The increased importance of this field is also evidenced by the creation and rapid growth of aerosol research associations, such as the American Association for Aerosol Research and several other national associations (a list is provided in Chapter 2). In Part I of this book we present the fundamentals relevant for novices to this field, utilizing approaches developed in over 20 years of teaching university courses on aerosol science and measurement. Because we expect many readers to be air pollution regulators, industrial hygienists, and environmental scientists or engineers, we have applied our experience in teaching short courses to practitioners: The chapters in Part I stress the physics and give useful equations but avoid lengthy scientific derivations. Almost all of the equations in the book have been incorporated into a spreadsheet program (freely available on the Internet) that is described in Chapter 2, allowing the reader to easily perform calculations and plot results. We believe that this can greatly aid in understanding aerosol mechanics and predicting behavior in experimental systems. We have authored or co-authored several of the first chapters to provide models for the remaining chapter contributions in order to achieve a uniform style and a consistent structure in the book. Readers familiar with the principles of aerosol measurement can find details on specific instrumental techniques in Part II. Many of the chapters in Parts I and II offer sample calculations, thus making the book suitable for use as a teaching text. The practitioner concerned with the special requirements of his or her field, such as industrial hygiene or industrial aerosol processing, can find aerosol measurement applications in Part III. The bringing together of many applications fields by experts enables the reader to look into the practices of related fields so that technology transfer and adaptations may result. Aerosol Measurement was first published in 1993. Since then, the original publisher, Van Nostrand Reinhold, was purchased and absorbed by John Wiley and Sons. This new edition of Aerosol Measurement contains new chapters and authors. Many of the original chapters have been significantly upgraded, reflecting the latest scientific and technological advances.