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Silicosis in sandblasters. A case study adapted for use in U.S. high schools.

Authors
Malit-BD; Lentz-TJ; Loos-G; Rice-FL
Source
NIOSH 2002 Jun; :1-21
NIOSHTIC No.
20021986
Abstract
To learn about epidemiology by studying an occupational hazard, a disease associated with the hazard, and the methods for preventing the disease. Epidemiology is the study of why and how a disease occurs and spreads in populations. The purpose of epidemiology is to prevent and control disease by identifying its causes and the methods for control. Occupational epidemiology is the study of disease or injury related to work activities and the worksite. Congress passed the Occupational Safety and Health Act in 1970 to assure every working man and woman in the United States a safe and healthful workplace. Although we have made progress since that time, serious problems still occur and result in illness, injury, disability, and death. Preventing these tragedies requires the cooperation and effort of everyone concerned. More than 2 million U.S. workers are potentially exposed to dusts containing crystalline silica. Prolonged inhalation of silica-containing dusts puts these workers at risk for the disease silicosis - a nodular fibrosis of the lungs that causes shortness of breath. More than 100,000 U.S. workers are in high-risk occupations such as sandblasting. Most sandblasters work in construction and shipbuilding. Workers may be exposed to crystalline silica in many other industries, including surface and underground mining, pottery, drywall hanging, glassmaking, foundry work, quarry work, work with sandblasting materials, agriculture, and automotive repair.
Keywords
Epidemiology; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-exposure; Silicosis; Silica-dusts; Sand-blasters; Education; Occupational-diseases; Disease-prevention; Control-methods; Construction-Search
CAS No.
7631-86-9
Publication Date
20020601
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
PB2002-108369
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 2002-105
NIOSH Division
EID
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH
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