Current occupational safety surveillance data reveal staggering human and economic losses associated with fatal occupational injury - about 17 workers were fatally injured on the job each day during 1997. Understanding and preventing such losses require focused efforts to quantify and track occupational fatalities and their associated conditions. Much work remains to be done despite overall decreases in fatal injuries in recent years. Occupational injury fatality rates recorded by NIOSH in the National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities Surveillance System (NTOF) decreased substantially (43%) between 1980 and 1995, from 7.5 to 4.3 deaths per 100,000 workers. Injury fatality rates recorded by the U.S. Department of Labor in the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) declined by 7% from 1992 to 1997. Of the 6,238 fatal occupational injuries that occurred in 1997, 42% (2,605) were associated with transportation, excluding incidents that occurred while traveling to or from work. Most motor-vehicle-related fatalities (nearly 1,400) resulted from highway crashes. Homicides were the second leading cause of death, accounting for 14% of the total. The leading causes of death varied by sex, with motor vehicles being the leading cause for men and homicide the leading cause for women. Workers aged 65 and older had the highest rates of occupational injury death. Workplaces with 1 to 10 workers had the highest fatality rate (8.6 deaths per 100,000 workers), and workplaces with 100 or more workers had the lowest fatality rate (2 deaths per 100,000 workers). The highest numbers of fatalities occurred in construction, transportation and public utilities, and agriculture, forestry, and fishing industries. The highest fatality rates occurred in mining, construction, and agriculture, forestry, and fishing. The fatality rate in mining was more than five times the national average for all industries.
Occupational-accidents; Occupations; Workplace-studies; Work-environment; Work-areas; Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Accident-statistics; Motor-vehicles; Machine-operators; Electrical-hazards; Construction; Transportation; Public-utilities; Materials-handling; Agglutination; Fire-fighting; Fishing-industry; Forestry; Retail-workers; Mining-industry; Homicides; Falls; Electrocutions