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Evaluation of the effectiveness of educational interventions in the Pennsylvania Central Region Farm Safety Pilot Project.

Authors
Landsittel-DP; Murphy-DJ; Kiernan-NE; Hard-DL; Kassab-C
Source
Am J Ind Med 2001 Aug; 40(2):145-52
NIOSHTIC No.
20021785
Abstract
Evaluation of agricultural safety interventions has frequently been identified as an area requiring further research. This study prospectively evaluates the effectiveness of three specific educational safety interventions in reducing farm hazards. Farm characteristics and hazard conditions at 216 farms in Pennsylvania were assessed through a questionnaire and objective audit, respectively, at both pre- and post-intervention time points. Counties were assigned to one of the following interventions: youth education, community coalition, self-audit, pre/post control, or post-only control group. Changes in hazard were analyzed through linear regression. Self-audit was the most effective intervention, leading to a 20% reduction in hazard scores. The community coalition and pre/post control group also showed reductions. Intervention effectiveness significantly differed depending on initial hazards, indicating the need to target specific interventions for more or less hazardous farms. Findings of this prospective evaluation differed from the initial cross-sectional results, thus underscoring the need for longitudinal investigations.
Keywords
Agriculture; Education; Hazards; Farmers; Questionnaires; Safety-research; Safety-programs; Safety-monitoring; Long-term-study; Surveillance-programs; Agricultural-workers; Agricultural-industry; Safety-education; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-safety-programs; Occupational-health; Author Keywords: agriculture; educational intervention effectiveness; occupational; safety and health; farm hazards
Contact
Douglas P. Landsittel, Research Statistician, Health Effects and Laboratory Division, Biostatistics Branch, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1095 Willowdale Road, M/S L4020, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
20010801
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
del6@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
DSR; HELD
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
WV
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