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Controlling chemical hazards during the application of artificial fingernails.

Authors
Estill-CF; Spencer-AB; McCammon-JB; Mickelsen-RL; Johnston-OE; Flesch-JP
Source
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 2001 May; 16(5):509-511
NIOSHTIC No.
20021724
Abstract
Artificial fingernail products are made from many chemicals, but the main one in most of these products is ethyl methacrylate (EMA). In 1974, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration outlawed a similar chemical, methyl methacrylate (MMA), which is used in fingernail products. MMA was proven harmful to nail technicians and customers. However, both MMA and EMA can cause contact dermatitis, asthma, and allergies in the eyes and nose- all problems that nail technicians know about. Both can make the eyes, nose, and other mucous membranes sting, become red, and swell. Customers are at risk, too. Because it is often difficult to tell which chemical in a nail salon is causing a sensitivity or allergy, it is best to control your exposure before you become sensitized.
Keywords
Methacrylates; Dermatitis; Allergies; Exposure-levels; Exposure-limits; Hazards; Contact-dermatitis; Bronchial-asthma; Allergic-reactions; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Ventilation; Ventilation-equipment; Respiratory-system-disorders; Allergic-disorders; Sensitization
CODEN
AOEHE9
CAS No.
97-63-2; 80-62-6
Publication Date
20010501
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
5
ISSN
1047-322X
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
OH
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