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Pesticide-related illnesses associated with the use of a plant growth regulator - Italy, 2001.

Authors
Davanzo-F; Faraoni-L; Miceli-G; Conticello-M; Bongiovanni-L; Ballard-T; Settimi-L; Rubbiani-M; Marcello-I; Bascherini-S; Mehler-L
Source
MMWR 2001 Oct; 50(39):845-847
NIOSHTIC No.
20021693
Abstract
During January--February 2001, eight cases of acute illness in the county of Ragusa, Italy, were reported to the Italian National Institute for Health (INIH) by the Milan Poison Control Center (MPCC) and were attributed to exposure to Dormex, a plant growth regulator with hydrogen cyanamide as the active ingredient. These cases were identified during a pilot project for acute pesticide-related illness surveillance. Subsequent active case finding at health-care clinics by the Ragusa Occupational Health Unit identified six additional cases. MPCC identified nine cases in other areas of Italy. Of the 23 cases of acute illness, 22 resulted from occupational exposure during mixing and/or applying of Dormex, and one was from unintentional ingestion. This report summarizes the investigation of these cases, which implicates a pesticide as the causative agent and demonstrates the usefulness of surveillance for detecting pesticide-related illnesses.
Keywords
Poison-control; Poisons; Plant-substances; Plants; Pesticides; Worker-health; Surveillance-programs; Occupational-exposure; Dermatology; Eye-irritants; Burns; Liver-disorders
CODEN
MMWRB6
CAS No.
420-04-2
Publication Date
20011005
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
39
ISSN
0892-3787
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
State
CA; OH
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