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Factors associated with pilot fatality in work-related aircraft crashes, Alaska, 1990-1999.

Authors
Bensyl-DM; Moran-K; Conway-GA
Source
Am J Epidemiol 2001 Dec; 154(11):1037-1042
NIOSHTIC No.
20021672
Abstract
Work-related aircraft crashes are the leading cause of occupational fatality in Alaska, with civilian pilots having the highest fatality rate (410/100,000/year). To identify factors affecting survivability, the authors examined work-related aircraft crashes that occurred in Alaska in the 1990s (1990-1999), comparing crashes with pilot fatalities to crashes in which the pilot survived. Using data from National Transportation Safety Board reports, the authors carried out logistic regression analysis with the following variables: age, flight experience, use of a shoulder restraint, weather conditions (visual flight vs. instrument flight), light conditions (daylight vs. darkness), type of aircraft (airplane vs. helicopter), postcrash fire, crash location (airport vs. elsewhere), and state of residence. In the main-effects model, significant associations were found between fatality and postcrash fire (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 6.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.38, 17.37), poor weather (AOR = 4.11, 95% CI: 2.15, 7.87), and non-Alaska resident status (AOR = 2.10, 95% CI: 1.05, 4.20). Protective effects were seen for shoulder restraint use (AOR = 0.40, 95% CI: 0.21, 0.77) and daylight versus darkness (AOR = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.25, 0.99). The finding that state of residence was associated with survivability offers new information on pilot survivability in work-related aircraft crashes in Alaska. These results may be useful in targeting safety interventions for pilots who fly occupationally in Alaska or in similar environments.
Keywords
Pilots; Aircraft; Aircrews; Occupational-hazards; Mortality-rates; Mortality-data; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Models; Occupational-accidents; Accident-statistics; Accidents; Accident-rates; Accident-analysis; Occupational-health
CODEN
AJEPAS
Publication Date
20011201
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
dbensyl@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
11
ISSN
0002-9262
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
American Journal of Epidemiology
State
AK; GA
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