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A graphical analysis of mortality rates and years of potential life lost.

Authors
Bena-JF; Bailer-AJ; Park-RH; Halperin-WE
Source
Hum Ecol Risk Assess 2001 Dec; 7(7):1843-1857
NIOSHTIC No.
20021671
Abstract
One challenge in assessing occupational fatal injuries is choosing a summary measure of the impact of these injuries. Each metric emphasizes different aspects of health risk, and fatal injury reports often focus on only one summary measure at a time. Deaths from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatality database were combined into external cause of death (e-code) groups. Graphs comparing average years of potential life lost (YPLL), mortality rate, and their product, "YPLL-rate" , are presented for e-code groups overall, industries and occupations, and e-code groups within selected industries and occupations. This integrated analysis of fatal injury characteristics allows identification of the portion of the workforce at highest risk. Homicides and electrocutions (e-code groups) had high mortality rates, average YPLL, and YPLL-rates, both overall, and within several of the industries and occupations examined. The industry and occupation of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fishing experienced a very high mortality rate and the lowest average YPLL for both industries and occupations. Laborer was the most hazardous occupation for young workers with an average YPLL near 40, and a mortality rate greater than 15 deaths per 100,000 worker-years.
Keywords
Mortality-data; Mortality-rates; Injuries; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Health-hazards; Traumatic-injuries; Occupational-hazards
Contact
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226 USA
CODEN
HERAFR
Publication Date
20011201
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
2002
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
7
ISSN
1080-7039
NIOSH Division
EID
Source Name
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment
State
OH; NJ
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