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Injuries among youth on farms in the United States, 1998.

Myers-JR; Hendricks-KJ
NIOSH 2001 Jun; :1-179
According to data from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, approximately 33,000 youth less that 20 years of age were injured on farms in the United States in 1998. Major causes of these injuries included falls, animals, and off-road vehicles such as all-terrain vehicles and tractors. This estimate should be considered a conservative figure due to the potential for recall bias and the under reporting of hired workers. Exposure to farm hazards are not limited to youth who work on farms. Youth may sustain injuries while working on a farm, living on a farm, visiting a farm, or accompanying a parent employed on a farm. The hazards these youth encounter may be work or non-work in nature, making the farm a unique environment for developing prevention strategies. The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA) and its amendments set standards for child labor in agriculture. However, the FLSA covers only employees whose work involves production of agricultural goods which are part of interstate commerce. In addition, FLSA regulations do not apply to youth working for their parents or guardian on the family''s farm. These household youth account for over 70 percent of all youth work injuries on farms. Youth who work on farms are often not protected by workplace safety and health regulations from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) because they frequently work for small farming operations that are not inspected by OSHA, or because OSHA regulations do not apply to them as farm household members. Finally, for all youth on farms, there are no protections for injuries from hazards associated with non-work activities which often expose youth to the same hazards as work activities. Given the limited protection for youth on farms, there is a need for states and communities to develop and implement programs to reduce childhood agricultural injuries.
Agricultural-workers; Agriculture; Agricultural-industry; Farmers; Accidents; Accident-statistics; Accident-prevention; Age-factors; Surveillance
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(NIOSH) 2001-154
NIOSH Division
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health