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Glutaraldehyde: occupational hazards in hospitals.

Authors
NIOSH
Source
NIOSH 2001 Sep; :1-8
NIOSHTIC No.
20021586
Abstract
Glutaraldehyde is used as a cold sterilant to disinfect and clean heat-sensitive equipment such as dialysis instruments, surgical instruments, suction bottles, bronchoscopes, endoscopes, and ear, nose, and throat instruments. This chemical is also used as a tissue fixative in histology and pathology labs and as a hardening agent in the development of X-rays. Glutaraldehyde is a colorless, oily liquid with a pungent odor. Hospital workers ise it most often in a diluted form mixed with water. The strength of glutaraldehyde and water solutions typically ranges from 1% to 50%, but other formations are available. The purpose of this brochure is to: Make you aware of the adverse health effects if glutaraldehyde, describe how you can be exposed to glutaraldehyde, and provide and identify control methods and work practices to prevent or reduce your exposure to glutaraldehyde.
Keywords
Disinfectants; Accident-prevention; Work-environment; Worker-health; Workers; Workplace-monitoring; Health-care; Health-care-facilities; Health-care-personnel; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system-disorders; Pulmonary-system
CAS No.
111-30-8
Publication Date
20010901
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
PB2002-101230
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 2001-115
NIOSH Division
EID
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH
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