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Mine aerosol measurement.

Authors
Cantrell-BK; Volkwein-JC
Source
Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques, and Applications. Second Edition, PA Baron, K Willeke, eds., New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 2001 Sep; :801-820
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20021272
Abstract
Exposure to mineral aerosol is an occupational health hazard in mining and mineral processing industries because of the risk of developing pneumoconiosis. Agricola (1556) described this hazard for metal mining in Carpathia. He described shortness of breath and consumption, conditions that are now associated with asthma and emphysema. By the end of the nineteenth century, several respiratory diseases were known to affect miners, including silicosis and coal workers' pneumoconiosis (Fletcher, 1948; Seaton et al., 1981). For example, silicosis, not tuberculosis, was clearly recognized as the hazard in the Vermont granite quarries and stone-cutting sheds (McFarland, 1927). The Gauly Bridge Tunnel disaster in the mid-1930s caused the deaths of an estimated 700 workers by acute silicosis and focused the nation's attention on this disease (Cherniack, 1986). By the mid-twentieth century, it was clear that risk of simple pneumoconiosis is associated with a miner's cumulative exposure to mine aerosol in the respirable size range and that prevention lies in reducing that exposure through regulation (Seaton, 1986).
Keywords
Exposure-levels; Aerosol-particles; Aerosols; Occupational-hazards; Mining-industry; Pneumoconiosis
Publication Date
20010901
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Editors
Baron-PA; Willeke-K
Fiscal Year
2001
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
0471356360
NIOSH Division
PRL
Source Name
Aerosol Measurement: Principles, Techniques, and Applications. Second Edition
State
PA
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