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Flammability of gas mixtures containing volatile organic compounds and hydrogen.

Authors
Liekhus-K; Zlochower-IA; Cashdollar-KL; Djordjevic-S; Loehr-C
Source
J Loss Prev Process Ind 2000 May; 13(3-5):377-384
NIOSHTIC No.
20020734
Abstract
An experimental program was conducted to evaluate the accuracy of some current methods for predicting the flammability of gas mixtures containing hydrogen and flammable or nonflammable volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in air. The specific VOCs tested were toluene, 1,2-dichloroethane, 2-butanone, and carbon tetrachloride. The lower flammability limits (LFLs) of gas mixtures containing equal molar quantities of the components were determined in a 19.4-1 laboratory flammability chamber using a strong spark ignition source and a pressure criterion for flammability. All but one of the LFL values for the individual components were in agreement with earlier literature values. However, the LFL of 1,2-dichloroethane was found to be significantly lower than the range of values reported for previous determinations in smaller chambers. Two methods for calculating the LFL of mixtures were considered. The Group Factor (atomic) Contribution Method was determined to be generally more accurate than the LeChatelier Method for estimating the LFL of the gas mixtures reported here, although the LeChatelier Method was usually more conservative. The Group Factor Method predicted higher values (nonconservative) for the LFLs of several mixtures than were experimentally measured. For the case of a mixture of hydrogen and carbon tetrachloride, the Group Method estimation of the LFL was seriously in error.
Keywords
Flammable-gases; Volatiles; Testing-equipment; Toluenes; Fire-prevention; Accident-prevention; Explosive-gases; Explosion-prevention
Contact
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Pittsburgh Research Laboratory , Pittsburgh PA 15236, USA Tel.: +1-412-386-4960, Fax.: +1-412-386-6595
CODEN
JLPIE9
CAS No.
108-88-3; 107-06-2; 78-93-3; 56-23-5
Publication Date
20000501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
iaz0@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
2000
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
3-5
ISSN
0950-4230
NIOSH Division
PRL
Priority Area
Research Tools and Approaches; Control Technology & Personal Protective Equipment
Source Name
Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
State
OH; PA; NM
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