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Blood and body fluid exposures during clinical training: relation to knowledge of universal precautions.

Authors
Diekema-DJ; Albanese-MA; Schuldt-SS; Doebbeling-BN
Source
J Gen Intern Med 1996 Feb; 11(2):109-111
NIOSHTIC No.
20001013
Abstract
To investigate the relation between knowledge of universal precautions and rates of exposure to blood and body fluid during clinical training, a cohort of 155 students was surveyed following training in universal precautions and 18 months later. A total of 127 students (82%) participated; 58 (46%) experienced at least one exposure during the first clinical training year. Knowledge of universal precautions was inversely associated with the frequency of mucous membrane exposures (p = .001); an apparent "dose-response" effect was evident (one-way analysis of variance; F = 5.2, p = 0.007). Students are frequently exposed to blood and body fluid during clinical training. Higher levels of retained knowledge about universal precautions are associated with a decreased risk of mucous membrane exposure.
Keywords
Universal-precautions; Infection-control; Health-care-personnel; Infectious-diseases; Bloodborne-pathogens
Contact
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa
CODEN
JGIMEJ
Publication Date
19960201
Document Type
Journal Article
Funding Amount
158956
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1996
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-K01-OH-00131
Issue of Publication
2
ISSN
0884-8734
NIOSH Division
OD
Priority Area
Grants-other
Source Name
Journal of General Internal Medicine
State
IA
Performing Organization
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa
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