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Cancer mortality among minority workers.

Authors
Loomis-D; Savitz-DA; Schulz-M
Source
NIOSH 1999 Mar; :1-159
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20000935
Abstract
The epidemiological study used mortality surveillance data from 21 states to determine overall cancer rate among minority workers, which include African-American, Latino, Asian and Native-American workers, compared with the US workforce as a whole, and the occupational setting associated with excess cancer occurrence among workers of each minority group. The population included residents of the 21 states who died at ages >20 in 1985-1992. Excess cancer mortality was identified primarily through analyses using the proportionate mortality ratio, and standardized mortality rate ratio was used as an indicator of association, for workers under age 65. Death analysis indicated that, compared to the entire workforce, African-American, Latino, Native American and Asian workers experienced excess mortality from cancers known to be related to race and ethnicity but without strong, established links to workplace exposure. An association of this type includes stomach cancer in Asians, gall bladder cancer among Native Americans, and esophageal cancer among African-Americans. Internal analysis within a single race showed an association of cancer with the work environment, which include bladder cancer and leukemia in the rubber industry among African-American and Latino men.
Keywords
Cancer-rates; Cancer; Mortality-rates; Racial-factors; Statistical-analysis; Epidemiology; Mortality-data; Surveillance-programs
Contact
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, CB-7400, McGavran-Greenberg Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400
Publication Date
19990326
Document Type
Final Grant Report
Funding Amount
243897
Funding Type
Grant
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
PB2001-100741
NTIS Price
A09
Identifying No.
Grant-Number-R01-OH-003409
NIOSH Division
OEP
Priority Area
Cancer
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
NC
Performing Organization
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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