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Beryllium.

Authors
Kreiss-K
Source
Occupational Medical Secrets. 1999 Apr; :75-79
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20000867
Abstract
The principal target organs for beryllium-related health effects are the skin and lungs. When workers are exposed to beryllium or its compounds, a small percentage develop granulomatous lung disease, known as chronic beryllium disease. In the beryllium extraction industry, a large percentage of workers develop contact dermatitis and/or beryllium skin ulcers in relation to soluble salt exposure. Historically, workers in extraction also were described as having chemical nasopharyngitis, tracheobronchitis, and/or pneumonitis with subacute onset, which resolved with cessation of exposure to beryllium salts and always within 1 year of symptom onset. In contrast, the chronic disease may develop after workers have left the beryllium industry, sometimes with a latency of several decades from first exposure. With workplace screening, latencies as short as a few weeks from first employment have been recognized.
Keywords
Beryllium-disease; Beryllium-poisoning; Beryllium-compounds; Pneumoconiosis; Respiratory-system-disorders; Dermatitis; Cancer; Neoplasms
Publication Date
19990401
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Editors
Cone-J; Bowler-R
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
1560531614
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Priority Area
Pulmonary-system-disorders; Dermatitis; Cancer
Source Name
Occupational Medicine Secrets
State
WV; PA
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