NIOSH control technology and intervention efforts for small businesses.
Am J Ind Med 1999 Sep; 36(S1):93-95
Lessons learned from the evaluation of the NIOSH small business efforts were consistent with observations and strategies outlined by Mayhew. Additional factors appear to be related to successful behavior change and/or adoption of hazard control technology were: 1. Involve relevant trade associations and critical industry partners as soon as possible in order to get early buy-in and participation. This can be important in promoting widespread awareness and interest in hazard controls. Often controls are developed without industry input or in "artificial" laboratory conditions may be considered suspect in terms of utility and cost-effectiveness. 2. Include steps for identifying appropriate promotion/education channels in the earliest stages of the process. This makes it more likely that a more concentrated, coordinated and effective promotion activity can occur, thereby increasing the likelihood of behavior change and/or adoption of hazard controls. 3. Involve communication specialists whenever and as early as possible. In many cases the personnel with the expertise to identify or develop hazard controls do not have the expertise to develop a successful communications strategy. 4. Don't neglect the information dissemination phase of the process. In technically oriented groups, there is the temptation to move on to the next problem after a successful hazard control has been developed. Also, make sure that there is a source of continuing advice and assistance. Otherwise, as businesses begin to make the behavior change necessary to install controls and there is no source of assistance and encouragement, they may abandon the efforts to control the hazard.
Work-environment; Control-technology; Small-business; Injury-prevention; Automobile-repair-shops; Lead-poisoning; Radiator-repair;
Author Keywords: small business; occupational health and safety; work environment; intervention
NIOSH, 4676 Columbia Parkway, R-2, Cincinnati, OH 45226
Haartz-JC; Lehtinen-S; Knave-B
American Journal of Industrial Medicine