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Impact of a changing U.S. workforce on the occupational injury and illness experience.

Authors
Biddle-EA; Blanciforti-LA
Source
Am J Ind Med 1999 Sep; 36(S1):7-10
NIOSHTIC No.
20000815
Abstract
The changing nature of the workforce through the beginning of the 21st century will produce changes in the nation's experience of occupational injury and illness. These changes, particularly the increase in women's entry into nontraditional occupations, will require that public health research be focused on the unique characteristics of women's exposure in the workplace. Obstacles in this research include the imprecision in matching numerator and denominator data to calculate rates, and the fact that employment projections are job-demand driven, rather than an extrapolation of an existing occupation-participation trend. Additionally, research will be needed to design, implement, and evaluate intervention strategies specific to the injuries and illnesses suffered by working women. Currently, standards are developed and implemented by using male capacities with little consideration to the significantly different physical and physiological differences in women (Headapohl, 1993). Research should assess the plausibility of redesigning jobs and work stations, as well as focus on establishing standards and regulations to accommodate this increasing diversity among workers.
Keywords
Women; Injuries; Traumatic-injuries; Occupational-accidents; Sex-factors; Work-environment; Statistical-analysis; Occupational-health; Occupational-exposure; Public-health; Demographic-characteristics
Contact
Elyce Anne Biddle, NIOSH, 1095 Willowdale Road, MS-180, Morgantown, WV 26505
CODEN
AJIMD8
Publication Date
19990901
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
egb6@cdc.gov
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISSN
0271-3586
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
State
WV
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