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Youth agricultural work-related injuries treated in emergency departments - United States, October 1995 - September 1997.

Authors
NIOSH
Source
MMWR 1998 Sep; 47(35):733-737
NIOSHTIC No.
20000797
Abstract
National estimates and descriptions of agricultural injuries occurring to youths are limited (1,2). In 1996, the National Committee for Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention recommended establishing and maintaining a comprehensive national surveillance system of fatal and nonfatal childhood agricultural injuries (2). In response to these recommendations, CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) began analyzing existing surveillance data while exploring new data collection strategies. The goals of these efforts are to add to knowledge about the incidence and circumstances of childhood agricultural injuries and to improve collection and analysis of data regarding childhood agricultural injuries (3). This report presents an analysis of data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) during October 1995 -September 1997 for youths aged less than 20 years, which indicates that youths in this age group are at increased risk for agricultural work -related injuries. The events most likely to result in injuries to youths were contact with objects or equipment (e.g., struck by a falling object, struck by a slipping object, and caught in equipment or between objects), accounting for approximately 55.4% of the injuries, and falls (both to a lower level and on the same level), accounting for 14.7% of injuries. The sources of injury varied: persons, plants, animals, and minerals contributed to 17.4% of the injuries; tools (primarily nonpowered hand tools), 15.2%; machinery (primarily agricultural and garden), 15.2%; structures and surfaces (e.g., floors, walkways, and ground surfaces), 14.9%; and parts and materials (primarily materials used in the construction of buildings and other structures, such as bricks and lumber), 14.7%.
Keywords
Occupational-accidents; Children; Agriculture; Statistical-analysis; Surveillance-programs; Agricultural-workers; Age-factors; Age-groups
CODEN
MMWRB6
Publication Date
19980911
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1998
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Issue of Publication
35
ISSN
0892-3787
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
State
WV
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