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Systematic reviews of injury-prevention strategies for occupational injuries: an overview.

Authors
Rivara-FP; Thompson-DC
Source
Am J Prev Med 2000 May; 18(4S) :1-3
NIOSHTIC No.
20000792
Abstract
Information on which strategies have been shown to be effective, which are ineffective, and which strategies have been inadequately evaluated is important for both public policy and future research. The objective of this study was to provide systematic reviews of the literature on important strategies to prevent occupational, including agricultural, injuries. The Injury Control Research Centers (ICRCs) funded by the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Centers for Agricultural Injury funded by the Division of Safety Research, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, identified 12 important occupational and agricultural injury -prevention strategies or areas of research. Systematic reviews of the literature were conducted to identify relevant controlled trials and studies. These were critically reviewed and summarized. A total of 12 reviews were conducted on a range of topics in the occupational injury field. Few randomized controlled trials were found; most controlled studies were either comparisons over time and/or across different populations. In several areas we were limited to summarizing the descriptive literature. Nevertheless, summaries of these studies provide meaningful conclusions about the effectiveness of various interventions to decrease morbidity and mortality from selected occupational and agricultural injuries. A large body of literature on occupational, public health, or injury prevention interventions exists. The summary of this literature provides a framework to both direct policy and guide future research efforts.
Keywords
Injuries; Injury-prevention; Preventive-medicine; Safety; Occupational-hazards; Occupational-accidents
Contact
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98104
CODEN
AJPMEA
Publication Date
20000501
Document Type
Journal Article
Email Address
fpr@u.washington.edu
Funding Type
Cooperative Agreement
Fiscal Year
2000
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISSN
0749-3797
NIOSH Division
DSR
Source Name
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
State
WV; WA
Performing Organization
Harborview Injury Prevention and Research Center, Seattle, Washington 98104
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