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Control of health and safety hazards in commercial drycleaners: Chemical exposures, fire Hazards, and ergonomic risk factors.

Authors
Earnest-GS; Spencer-SS; Heitbrink-WA; Mickelsen-RL; McGlothlin-JD; Ewers-LMN
Source
NIOSH 1997 Dec; :1-86
NIOSHTIC No.
20000310
Abstract
This study investigates control methods and technologies used in the drycleaning industry for reducing occupational exposures to tetrachloroethylene(perchloroethylene-PERC). It also examines drycleaning machines that use petroleum-based solvents. It addresses methods for controlling exposures to spotting chemicals, fire, and ergonomic hazards in commercial drycleaning shops across the U.S. and through a World Health Organization fellowship in Europe. The study looks at the various categories of drycleaning equipment, full-shift exposures to PERC, the use of another cleaning media, local and general ventilation, inhalation of spotting chemicals, ergonomic hazards, workstation design, fire hazards and explosions. Information gathered through the study was supplemented by a literature review. The report provides a reference for anyone interested in protecting drycleaning workers from occupational hazards associated with this industry.
Keywords
Dry-cleaning-solvents; Dry-cleaning-industry; Machine-operation; Machine-operators; Ergonomics; Fire-hazards; Ventilation; Sampling; Monitors; Control-technology
CAS No.
127-18-4; 79-01-6; 111-76-2; 107-41-5; 108-10-5; 123-86-4; 8052-41-3; 8032-32-4; 7664-39-3; 64742-95-6; 71-43-2; 8006-61-9
Publication Date
19971201
Document Type
Numbered Publication
Editors
Votaw-AL
Fiscal Year
1998
NTIS Accession No.
PB99-134736
NTIS Price
A06
Identifying No.
(NIOSH) 97-150
NIOSH Division
EID
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
OH
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