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A static fatigue constitutive law for joints in weak rock.

Authors
Larson-MK
Source
Mechanics of Jointed and Faulted Rock 1998 Mar; :171-177
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20000181
Abstract
A constitutive model for rock interfaces based on the principles of static fatigue is proposed. The model is applicable to weak rock or joints with cohesion. Friction and dilation are decreased as plastic work increases. At equilibrium, the creep time increases by one time-step interval, and interface cohesion at each node decreased according to a power function. A constant-load, direct-shear simulation showed that the model is capable of mimicking constant-rate and tertiary creep and predicting failure. Tests on core from a coal mine showed constant-rate and, sometimes, tertiary creep, but also weak transitory creep. The cohesion deterioration function may need modification to simulate primary-phase creep. If model parameters are known for a site, the model can predict the onset of tertiary creep and failure. Such predictions can help engineers make better entry design and support decisions, which will reduce the likelihood of roof falls and increase safety for underground miners.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Mine-safety; Control-technology; Roof-failures
Contact
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Spokane Research Laboratory, Spokane, WA 99207
Publication Date
19980301
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Rossmanith-H-P
Fiscal Year
1998
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9054109556
NIOSH Division
SRL
Source Name
Mechanics of Jointed and Faulted Rock, Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Mechanics of Jointed and Faulted Rock - MJFR-3
State
WA
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