Comparing injury and illness risk assessments for occupational hazards.
Bailer-AJ; Stayner-LT; Halperin-W; Reed-LD; Seymour-T
Hum Ecol Risk Assess 1998 Dec; 4(6):1265-1274
One common framework for describing the evaluation and assessment of hazards in the workplace inlcudes the four steps of hazard identification, exposure assessment, exposure-response modeling, and risk characterization (NAS, 1983). We discuss hazards for occupational injory and illness in light of this framework, and we contrast the evaluation of injury hazards with the evaluation of illness hazards. In particular, the nature of the hazards, typical exposure patterns, quantification of exposure, and the attribution of outcome to exposure are discussed. Finally, we discuss the management of occupational illness and injury hazards and issues encountered when evaluating efforts designed to mitigate the effects of occupational hazards.
Occupational-health; Occupational-health-programs; Occupational-health-services; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Statistical-analysis; Exposure-assessment
A. John Bailer, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio 45056
Human and Ecological Risk Assessment