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Silicosis.

Authors
Parker-JE; Wagner-GR
Source
Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, Fourth Edition. JM Stellman, ed., Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office, 1998 Oct; :10.43-10.46, 10.91-10.97
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
20000163
Abstract
Silicosis is a fibrotic disease of the lungs caused by the inhalation, retention and pulmonary reaction to crystalline silica. Despite knowledge of the cause of the disorder--respiratory exposures to silica containing dusts--this serious and potentially fatal occupational lung disease remains prevalent throughout the world. Silica, or silicon dioxide, is the predominant component of the earth's crust. Occupational exposure to silica particles of respirable size (aerodynamic diameter of 0.5 to 5 micrometers) is associated with mining, quarrying, drilling, tunnelling and abrasive blasting with quartz containing material (sandblasting). Silica exposure also poses a hazard to stonecutters, and pottery, foundry, ground silica and refractory workers. Because crystalline silica exposure is so widespread and silica sand is an inexpensive and versatile component of many manufacturing processes, millions of workers throughout the world are at risk of the disease. The true prevalence of the disease is unknown.
Keywords
Disease-prevention; Epidemiology; Occupational-hazards; Silica-dusts; Silicosis; Mining-industry; Lung-diseases
Contact
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, Morgantown, WV 26505
CAS No.
14464-46-1; 14808-60-7; 15468-32-3
Publication Date
19981001
Document Type
Book or book chapter
Editors
Stellman-JM
Fiscal Year
1999
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9789221092032
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, Fourth Edition
State
WV
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