Occupationally acquired infections of the lung.
Marfin-AA; Hubbs-AF; Musgrave-KJ; Parker-JE
Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, Fourth Edition. JM Stellman, ed., Geneva, Switzerland: International Labour Office, 1998 Oct; :10.81-10.97
Although epidemiological studies of occupationally acquired pneumonia (OAP) are limited, work-related lung infections are thought to be declining in frequency worldwide. In contrast, OAPs in developed nations may be increasing in occupations associated with biomedical research or healthcare. OAP in hospital workers largely reflects the prevalent community acquired pathogens, but the re-emergence of tuberculosis, measles and pertussis in health care settings presents additional risk for health-based occupations. In developing nations, and in specific occupations in developed nations, unique infections pathogens that do not commonly circulate in the community cause many OAPs. This review briefly discusses some of the most important occupationally acquired pathogens. A more extensive list of occupationally acquired pulmonary disorders, classifies by specific aetiologies, is presented in table 10.26.
Epidemiology; Lung-disease; Infectious-diseases; Occupational-exposure; Disease-transmission; Diseases; Bacterial-infections; Fungal-infections
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Respiratory Disease Studies, Morgantown, WV 26505
Book or book chapter
Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, Fourth Edition