Use of oxygen-enriched gas for the oxidation of acid and fluxed taconite pellets.
Minneapolis, MN: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 9473, 1993 Jan; :1-22
The U.S. Bureau of Mines, in cooperation with Cleveland-Cliffs, Inc. (Hibbing, Minnesota), investigated ways of enhancing the quality (compressive strength, after-tumble and reducibility) of domestic acid and fluxed magnetite pellets by modifying the oxygen content during the preheat and induration periods of the firing operation. Oxidation of magnetite was best accomplished when sufficient oxygen and time were available before the peak induration temperature was reached. The rate of magnetite oxidation increased directly with the gas oxygen content during the preheat period at 700 deg C and above. With 30 pct (or more) O2 and a preheat rate of 200 deg C/min, most of the magnetite was oxidized during the preheat period. With laboratory tube and mini-pot furnace tests, oxygen enrichment during the preheat period improved the pellet properties more in the simulated grate-kiln tests than in the simulated straight-grate tests. The longer induration period with the grate-kiln test resulted in more sintering of the residual magnetite and its reaction with the silicon compounds. When flux was present in the pellets, calcium silicates and calcium and magnesium ferrites were formed. More calcium ferrite was formed when the magnetite was oxidized early and less iron was present in the fayalitic calcium silicate slag.
Mineral-processing; Minerals; Metal-mining; Metal-industry; Materials-testing
Report of Investigations
NTIS Accession No.
Minneapolis, MN: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 9473