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Understanding miners' hazard recognition skills: a psychological perspective.

Authors
Kowalski-KM; Barrett-EA
Source
Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Institute on Mining Health, Safety and Research, Blacksburg, Virginia, August 24-26, 1992. Tinney G, Bacho A, Karmis M, eds., Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1992 Aug; :151-162
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10011542
Abstract
This paper presents selected perceptual concepts found in the literature that may be applicable for research on improving the hazard recognition skills of miners. The literature review includes the areas of psychology, the military literature, especially target detection, and the transportation and safety literature. The goal of this search was to target appropriate concepts, theories and principles to utilize as a basis for improving hazard recognition training and to enhance the perceptual skills of miners. Four specific areas are discussed: 1. Degraded targets 2. Time sharing 3. Search strategies including the nature of expertise 4. Selected theories of individual differences such as field dependence/field independence, cognitive mapping and risk-taking behavior. The authors include suggestions for applications. These concepts are applicable to all areas of mining, coal and metal/nonmetal, surface and underground where the recognition of hazards is a critical task for workers.
Keywords
Mine-workers; Miners; Mining-industry; Psychological-effects; Psychological-factors; Psychological-reactions; Psychological-responses
Publication Date
19920824
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Tinney-G; Bacho-A; Karmis-M
Fiscal Year
1992
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Institute on Mining Health, Safety and Research, Blacksburg, Virginia, August 24-26, 1992
State
VA; PA
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