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Bismuth - uses, supply, and technology.

Authors
Jasinski-SM
Source
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9312, 1992 Jan; :1-16
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10011297
Abstract
The development and industry adaptation of advanced technologies have led to many important uses for bismuth and its compounds. Bismuth-base alloys are essential for manufacturing jet engine turbine blades, lenses, and various safety devices, such as fire-protection sprinklers. The addition of bismuth to iron, steel, and aluminum imparts properties to these metals that make them useful in diversified applications. Bismuth is also used widely in medicine, pigments, and electronics. The United States relies heavily upon imports from South America and Europe to meet its demand for bismuth, which is recovered chiefly as a byproduct of lead processing.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Mineral-processing; Metal-compounds; Metals; Metallic-minerals
Publication Date
19920101
Document Type
IH; Information Circular
Fiscal Year
1992
NTIS Accession No.
PB92-201003
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
IC-9312
NIOSH Division
WO
Source Name
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9312
State
DC
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