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Method for Rock Property Determination in Ultra-high Vacuum.

Podnieks-ER; Chamberlain-PG
Proc 5th Space Simulation Conf Sept 14-16 1970 :15 pages
A special ultrahigh vacuum system was designed for determining deformational and strength properties of simulated lunar rocks. The system provides a vacuum of 10-9 to 10-10 torr (10-7 to 10-9 n/m2) depending on the specimen size and rock type. The vacuum was measured by various types of gages and also by ion pump current measurements. The partial pressure measurments of the various gas components were obtained by a quadrupole residual gas analyzer. The vacuum chamber has two stainless steel bellow-type feed-throughs for loading and a spring mechanism to compensate for the atmospheric pressure effect on the rock specimen. The uniaxial load was applied to the specimen by a servocontrolled hydraulic testing machine. Specimens of tholeiitic basalt, dacite, and semiwelded tuff were used. Special procedures in specimen preparation and preconditioning were developed. During the pumpdown period, prolonged roughing and an initial bakeout produced significantly low final pressures in the chamber. Test data presented include a typical load-deformation curve from rock specimen in ultrahigh vacuum, outgassing characteristics during loading in terms of pressure variation, and changes in the composition of gases being released by the specimen.
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OP 47-71
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Proc. 5th Space Simulation Conf., Sept. 14-16, 1970, Gaithersburg, Maryland, Oct. 1970, PP.209-223