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Water pollution potential of snowfall on spent oil shale residues.

Authors
Ward-JC; Reinecke-SE
Source
NTIS: PB 210 930 Available for Reference At Bureau Libraries 1972; :1-53
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10010077
Abstract
The concentration and composition of totally dissolved solids were determined both in surface runoff water and in water which had percolated through a bed of the residue. An empirical equation was developed to predict the concentration of the runoff water as a function of independent parameters. A tendency for saturation of the residue to occur during a period of snowmelt was revealed. The effects of this saturation on the residue were also considered. An overland-flow water quality model was developed and successfully applied to runoff resulting from rainfall and snowfall on oil shale retorting residue. The surface water runoff from snowfall on oil shale residue has less water pollution potential than the runoff from rainfall. The concentration of dissolved solids in the runoff was a function of the cummulative volume of runoff per unit width, the porosity of the oil shale retorting residue, the soil moisture content, the snowmelt rate, and the fraction of the snowmelt water that is runoff.
Keywords
Water-analysis; Environmental-pollution; Climatic-conditions; Climatic-factors; Oil-shale; Soil-analysis; Soil-sampling; Surface-properties; Analytical-models; Cold-environments
Publication Date
19720101
Document Type
CP
Fiscal Year
1972
NTIS Accession No.
PB-210930
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
OFR 20-72
Source Name
NTIS: PB 210 930; Available for Reference At Bureau Libraries
State
CO
Performing Organization
Colorado State University
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