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Preliminary Investigation of Desilication of Minerals With Sulfur and Carbon.

Poppleton-HO; Campbell-TT
NTIS: PB 236 466 :8 pages
This Bureau of Mines study was made to investigate a possible method for selectively removing the sio2 component of silicate minerals and ores. Of specific interest were aluminum ores and zircon. Methods are described for removing sio2 from these ores as volatile silicon sulfides by treating the ore with sulfur and carbon; with sulfur, carbon, and a reducing gas; or with sulfur compounds and carbon. Comparative results are also given for the desilication of some of the ores with carbon alone to form volatile silicon monoxide. The silica component can be removed partially from bauxites at temperatures above the sublimation temperature of sis (940 deg c) by treatment with carbon, sulfur, and methane; however, it is more difficult to remove the silicon from kyanite, manganese silicate, red muds from aluminum processing, kaolinite, lateritic nickel ores, and zircon. Complete desilication requires temperatures ranging from 1,100 deg c for bauxite to 1,450 deg c for zircon. Although the high temperatures required and the undesirable metal sulfides produced eliminate practical application of this method using present technology, the Bureau is reporting this data so that they will be available to future investigators.
Publication Date
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigations
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
RI 7950
NIOSH Division
Source Name
NTIS: PB 236 466