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Cobalt availability: a minerals availability appraisal.

Willard-DG; Bleiwas-DI
Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9286, 1991 Jan; :1-35
The U.S. Bureau of Mines has evaluated the potential resource and annual availability of cobalt from 27 deposits or districts in 11 market-economy countries. More than 95 pct of primary cobalt production from market-economy countries, mainly byproduct output from copper and nickel operations, was analyzed. Approximately 1,200,000 mt of cobalt is potentially recoverable at the demonstrated resource level. Very large additional resources exist, especially in laterite deposits, but are at the inferred level. The producing operations evaluated in this study are expected to produce about 19,000 mt of cobalt in 1989, significantly less than the available capacity of about 31,000 mt. More than 14,000 mt per year of cobalt is produced from copper-cobalt deposits in Zaire and Zambia, of which 11,000 mt can be produced at a copper price of $0.60/Lb or less with a 0-pct discounted-cash-flow rate of return (DCFROR). Approximately 4,400 mt of cobalt is produced annually from nickel-cobalt deposits in six countries, of which about 1,800 mt (in Canada and Brazil) could be produced at a nickel price of $1.50/Lb or less at a 0-pct DCFROR. Approximately 200 mt per year of cobalt is produced from a cobalt mine in Morocco. Most of the evaluated nonproducing operations and prospects that could potentially produce cobalt as a principal product or byproduct would require a total cost (including a 15-pct DCFROR) significantly exceeding January 1989 market prices of the principal commodities.
Strategic-materials; Mineral-deposits; Availability; Production; Refining; Transportation; Toxicity; Resources; Reserves; Prices; Byproducts; Zaire; Zambia; Canada; Australia; Mineral-economics; Cobalt
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IH; Information Circular
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Denver, CO: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9286