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Strategies for encouraging miners to stay away from unsupported roof and perform self-protective actions.

Authors
Peters-RH
Source
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9283, 1991 Jan; :1-29
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10009116
Abstract
Groundfall accidents have been the leading cause of fatalities in the underground coal mining industry for many years. Statistics from the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) indicate that approximately half of the victims of these fatal accidents were in an area where no devices had been installed to support the mine roof. This report was prepared by the U.S. Bureau of Mines to provide guidance to operators of underground mines concerning the use of techniques that may help to keep miners from going under unsupported mine roof. The report is divided into two major sections. The first section reviews the findings from several areas of empirical research pertaining to strategies for convincing employees to avoid unsafe acts and/or adopt self-protective behaviors. The strategies are (1) incentives and feedback, (2) disciplinary actions, (3) training (primarily fear communications and behavioral modeling), and (4) nondirective techniques. This literature review has a broad focus and should be helpful in making decisions about how to encourage a wide variety of types of self- protective behaviors. The second major section of the report presents an analysis of each strategy's potential for keeping miners away from unsupported roof.
Keywords
Safety-measures; Wounds-and-injuries; Working-conditions; Procedures; Coal-mining; US-MSHA; Mine-equipment; Human-behavior; Human-factors; Mine-surveys; Mine-shafts; Reviews; Incentives; Inspections; Roofs; Occupational-safety-and-health; Accident-prevention; Safety-engineering; Underground-mining; Mining-engineering
Publication Date
19910101
Document Type
IH; Information Circular
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
PB91-225094
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
IC-9283
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9283
State
PA
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