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Converting organic wastes to oil. A replenishable energy source.

Authors
Appell-HR; Fu-YC; Friedman-S; Yavorsky-PM; Wender-I
Source
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 7560, 1971 Jan; :1-20
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10008795
Abstract
The Bureau of Mines is experimentally converting cellulose, the chief constituent of organic solid waste, to a low-sulfur oil. All types of cellulosic wastes, including urban refuse, agricultural wastes, sewage sludge, wood, lignin, and bovine manure, have been converted to oil by reaction with carbon monoxide and water at temperatures of 350 deg to 400 deg c and pressures near 4,000 psig, and in the presence of various catalysts and solvents. Cellulose conversions of 90 percent and better (corresponding to oil yields of 40 to 50 percent) have been obtained. A continuous reactor for use at maximum conditions up to 500 deg c and 5,000 psig has been operated successfully. Using sucrose as a feedstock, operation in this system has permitted a simplified and preliminary chemical study of the conversion process. Oil yields of over 30 percent have been obtained with this unit.
Keywords
Synthetic oils; Cellulose; Waste disposal; Materials recovery; Production engineering; Hydrolysis; Carbon monoxide; Catalysts; Chemical engineering; Water; Alkaline earth compounds; Spectroscopic analysis; Solid waste disposal; Waste recycling
Publication Date
19710101
Document Type
IH; Report of Investigations
Fiscal Year
1971
NTIS Accession No.
PB-203669
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
RI-7560
NIOSH Division
PERC
Source Name
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, RI 7560
State
PA
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