Helium in Ground Water and Soil Gas in the Vicinity of Bush Dome Reservoir, Cliffside Field, Potter County, Texas.
This Bureau of Mines report discusses the results of three independent reconnaissance geochemical surveys conducted in the vicinity of the Bush Dome Reservoir in the Bureau-owned Cliffside field near Amarillo, Texas. The surveys consisted of (1) determining the helium content of area ground waters, (2) determining the helium content of area soil gases and ground waters, and (3) determining the helium content of soil gases collected on a grid sampling pattern in the Cliffside field area. The native natural gas in the Cliffside field contains about 1.8 percent helium. To date, approximately 54 billion cubic feet of gas containing approximately 39 billion cubic feet of helium has been injected into the center of the Bush Dome structure. The research work, which was completed under contracts, was done to determine if helium concentration levels in ground water and soil gas could be used as an indication of the presence of helium in a subsurface natural gas accumulation. Results of the surveys, were positive in that helium-in-water and helium-in-soil-gas anomalies were detected in portions of the Cliffside field area. All helium analyses were performed by mass spectrometric techniques.