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Impact of Higher Ecological Costs on Surface Mining.

Authors
Foreman-WE
Source
NTIS: PB 240 441 :170 pages
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10008007
Abstract
A study was undertaken to determine the cost per ton of surface mined coal that will be required to reach reclamation standards in Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. A mathematical model was developed to calculate the cost of surface reclamation using the shovel overcasting method, the front-end loader operation, and the backfilling operation method. The actual local costs for each unit process were obtained from surface mining permits in Virginia and used to validate the mathematical model. The actual costs were found to closely approximate those used in the model in the first computer run.
Publication Date
19740101
Document Type
CP; Final Contract Report;
Fiscal Year
1974
NTIS Accession No.
PB-240441
NTIS Price
A09
Identifying No.
OFR 12-75
Source Name
NTIS: PB 240 441
State
KY; PA; VA; WV;
Performing Organization
Virginia Polytech. Inst. & St. Univ.
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