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Research and evaluation methods for measuring nonroutine mine health and safety skills: Volume I.

Authors
Cole-HP; Mallett-LG; Haley-JV; Berger-PK; Lacefield-WE
Source
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, Contract H0348040, 1988 Jul; :1-229
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10007318
Abstract
Thirty-six simulation exercises designed to teach and assess problem- solving skills for coping with mine emergencies were developed and field-tested in annual refresher training classes in eight states. The exercises focus on first aid and self-rescue and escape situations. Previous research in the development of simulation problems for aviation, medical, and military personnel guided the development of the new exercises. The 4,000 miners in the field test samples averaged 37 years of age and 12 years of experience. Only 2.1 pct of the sample was female. Miners and their instructors rate the exercises highly in terms of their authenticity, relevance, and utility. Analysis of performance data suggests the exercises are valid, discriminate between persons with basic and advanced levels of training, and challenge most miners. The exercises deal with critical skills that should be learned to high levels of mastery, yet fewer than 30 pct of the miners in the samples achieved mastery scores at or above the 90-pct level. The low levels of mastery suggest (1) miners have little opportunity to practice judgment and decision-making skills in mine emergency situations because of the infrequent occurrence of these events and (2) working the simulation exercises in annual refresher training classrooms may contribute to miners' preparedness to cope with infrequently encountered mine emergencies.
Keywords
Mine-rescue; Mine-escapes; Mine-disasters; Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Injury-prevention; Accident-prevention; Simulation-methods; Training; Human-factors-engineering
Publication Date
19880101
Document Type
CP; Final Contract Report
Fiscal Year
1988
NTIS Accession No.
PB89-196646
NTIS Price
A11
Identifying No.
OFR 18(1)-89; Contract-H0348040
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines
State
KY; DC; PA
Performing Organization
University of Kentucky
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