Mineral issues--1989 is the latest in a series of reports that discuss issues and problems of the mineral sector of the U.S. economy. The Bureau of Mines believes that these issues are important and should be part of any debate that seeks to address mineral and mineral material problems. The policy options are included for discussion purposes only and do not imply recommendations or positions of the Bureau of Mines, the department of the Interior, or the administration. In the last year, Bureau of Mines analysts have related many issues to two general themes: competitiveness and government regulation. The seven papers in mineral issues--1989 explore the issues and problems in the context of these two themes.