This Bureau of Mines report provides a general summary of the most important elements of the mineral industries of 37 countries forming the entire Latin American region, including Mexico and all the Caribbean countries. Within the Latin American nations, the mineral industry, which includes hydrocarbon resources, ranges from being a very important sector in Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela to being of almost no consequence to the economies of the countries such as Paraguay or on the islands in the Lesser Antilles. Base maps and tables show the location and most important aspects of each country's mineral and petroleum industry and related infrastructure. The text covers mineral output, trade, and policy, and includes the structure of the mineral industry presented in a table form. The text of each country description concludes with an outlook section, which presents a prognosis of pending developments. Photographs of various mineral industry installations are included throughout the report.