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Measuring critical mine health and safety skills.

Authors
Cole-HP; Berger-PK; Vaught-C; Haley-JV; Lacefield-WE
Source
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, OFR 41-88, 1988 Jan; :1-202
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
10006187
Abstract
A series of studies are described that identify critical health and safety skills needed by underground coal miners for coping with mine emergencies. First aid and self-rescue and escape were selected as two broad performance domains that include many subordinate skills needed for preventing, recognizing, and coping with mine emergencies. The performance domains and their objectives were used to direct the development of simulation exercises that permit miners to experience mine emergencies in the safety of a training room. The exercises are based upon research with similar simulations for the training of flight crews and medical personnel in information gathering, judgment, and decision making skills. Exercise content is drawn from actual mine accident and disaster case studies. The exercises incorporate recent principles of cognitive psychology and instructional design. Initial studies in annual refresher training classes suggest the exercises are stimulating for miners and their instructors, easy to use and read, sufficiently complex and authentic to challenge experienced miners, and useful devices for both teaching and testing critical problem solving skills required for preventing and minimizing emergencies.
Keywords
Coal mining; Accident prevention; Training; First aid; Safety; Safety engineering; Safety factors; Escape; Abandonment; Occupational health and safety; Emergency planning
Publication Date
19880101
Document Type
CP; Final Contract Report
Fiscal Year
1988
NTIS Accession No.
PB88-231352
NTIS Price
A11
Identifying No.
OFR 41-88
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, OFR 41-88
State
KY; PA
Performing Organization
University of Kentucky
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