The Role of Nonfuel Minerals in the Nevada State Economy and the Counties of Elko, Eureka, Lander, Nye, and White Pine.
This report describes a Bureau of Mines program developed to determine the impacts of changes in the nonfuel mineral industries upon regional economies. As part of this program the Bureau examined the impacts on Nevada and several of its counties resulting from significant changes in nonfuel mineral production between 1981 and 1986. Regional input-output models for Nevada and the counties of Elko, Eureka, Lander, Nye, and White Pine were developed through implan, the U.S. Forest Services's Economic Impact Model. These models generated multipliers to measure total impacts on employment, earnings, and indirect business taxes. From 1981 to 1986 gold and silver production in Nevada grew at a faster rate than the total production of all goods and services measured by the gross state product. Other nonfuel mineral production however declined, with direct employment and earnings losses offsetting the employment and earnings gains from increased gold and silver mining. These changes also generated indirect impacts on employment and earnings for other industries, which varied for each region according to population, industrial diversification, and the types of minerals mined. Findings show that several county economies are quite sensitive to changes in nonfuel mineral production.