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A catastrophe-theory model for simulating behavioral accidents.

Authors
Souder-WE
Source
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9178, 1986 Nov; :1-19
NIOSHTIC No.
10005986
Abstract
Behavioral accidents are a particular type of accident. They are caused by inappropriate individual behaviors and faulty reactions. Catastrophe theory is a means for mathematically modeling the dynamic processes that underlie behavioral accidents. Based on a comprehensive data base of mining accidents, a computerized catastrophe model has been developed by the Bureau of Mines. This model systematically links individual psychological, group behavioral, and mine environmental variables with other accident causing factors. It answers several longstanding questions about why some normally safe behaving persons may spontaneously engage in unsafe acts that have high risks of serious injury. Field tests with the model indicate that it has three important uses: it can be used as an effective training aid for increasing employee safety consciousness; it can be used as a management laboratory for testing decision alternatives and policies; and it can be used to help design the most effective work teams.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Accident-prevention; Behavior-patterns; Injury-prevention; Mine-disasters; Mine-escapes; Models; Mathematical-models
Publication Date
19861101
Document Type
IH; Information Circular
Fiscal Year
1987
NTIS Accession No.
PB88-232236
NTIS Price
A03
Identifying No.
IC-9178
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
Pittsburgh, PA: U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, IC 9178
State
PA
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