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High-purity, fine ceramic powders produced in the Bureau of Mines turbomill.

Authors
Hoyer-JL; Petty-AV Jr.
Source
Ceram Eng Sci Proc 1985 Sep; 6(9-10):1342-1355
NIOSHTIC No.
10005101
Abstract
The Bureau of Mines turbomill is being evaluated for the production of ultrafine, high-purity, ceramic powders, which could contribute to improve performance of structural materials fabricated for use in severe conditions of temperature, pressure, and environment. The materials studied were alpha-silicon carbide (alpha-SiC), silicon nitride (Si3N4), titanium diboride (TiB2), quartz (SiO2), alumina (Al2O3), and zirconia (ZrO2). Ultrafine alpha-SiC powders with an average diameter of 1.31 microm (51 pct <1 microm) were produced in 1 h in the Bureau's all-polymer turbomill. A sodium lignosulfonate was found to be the best dispersant for SiC powders. Si3N4 powders were prepared from two different starting materials, each with a diameter of 55 microm. Milled powders had average particle sizes of 2.96 microm (20 pct <1 microm) after 1 h in the one case, and 2.09 microm (51 pct <1 microm) after 2 h in the other. TiB2, with an average initial diameter of 35 microm was reduced to 5.52 microm (2 pct <1 microm) in 1 h. SiO2, ZrO2, and Al2O3 (starting materials with average diameters of 30.52, 20.11 and 101.74 microm) were ground to 3.44 microm (12 pct <1 microm), 3.09 microm (15 pct <1 microm), and 2.69 microm (28 pct <1 microm), respectively, in 1 h. Contamination of the powders produced in the turbomill was negligible, which is advantageous for high-temperature applications where purity is a primary concern.
Keywords
Nanotechnology; Author Keywords: ultrafine; turbomill; agglomeration; ultra-high; scanning electron microscopy
CODEN
CESPDK
Publication Date
19850901
Document Type
OP; Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1985
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
OP 51-86
Issue of Publication
9-10
ISSN
0196-6219
NIOSH Division
TURC
Source Name
Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings. Proceedings of the Conference on Raw Materials for Advanced and Engineered Ceramics
State
AL
Performing Organization
University of Alabama
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