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Sociotechnical communication in an underground mine fire: a study of warning messages during an emergency evacuation.

Authors
Mallett-L; Vaught-C; Brnich-MJ Jr.
Source
Saf Sci 1993 Aug; 16(5-6):709-728
NIOSHTIC No.
10004469
Abstract
This paper discusses social and technical factors associated with underground coal miners' reactions to their operation's warning message system. The authors conducted in-depth interviews with workers who escaped a major fire at their mine and have identified specific junctures at which individual interpretation and response became particularly problematic. It is concluded that the implementation of a few relatively simple human factors principles could have improved the efficacy of warning communication systems at that mine. Since the delay between flame propagation and a decision to evacuate is one of the most important variables in assessing survival chances, these improvements could have invaluable payoffs for other operations as well.
Keywords
Mining-industry; Underground-mining; Mine-fires; Mine-disasters; Mine-escapes; Mine-workers; Underground-miners; Warning-systems; Behavior-patterns
CODEN
SSCIEO
Publication Date
19930801
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1993
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
OP 243-93
Issue of Publication
5-6
ISSN
0925-7535
NIOSH Division
PRC
Source Name
Safety Science
State
PA
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